THe modern stucco is typically used as an exterior cement plaster wall covering. its typically combined of sand and portland cement. some lime and waer but may also consist of proprietary mix of additives including fibers and synthetic acrylics that add strength and flexibility modern synthetic stucco can be install as one base layer and a finish layer. which would be thinner and faster on applying compare to the traditional application of three coat stucco.

The difference in nomenclature between stucco, plaster, and mortar is based more on use than composition. Until the latter part of the nineteenth century, it was common that plaster, which was used inside a building, and stucco, which was used outside, would consist of the same primary materials: lime and sand (which are also used in mortar).  plant fibers were often added for additional strength. In the latter nineteenth century, Portland cement was added with increasing frequency in an attempt to improve the durability of stucco. At the same time, traditional lime plasters were being replaced by gypsum plaster.

Traditional stucco is made of lime, sand, and water. Modern stucco is made of Portland cement, sand, and water. Lime is added to increase the permeability and workability of modern stucco. Sometimes additives such as acrylics and glass fibers are added to improve the structural properties of the stucco. This is usually done with what is considered a one-coat stucco system, as opposed to the traditional three-coat method.